Galveston Texas
A Magical Island Kingdom
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Galveston Architecture

Art Deco
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The Magical Island Kingdom is the quintessential Victorian city!

The Victorian Age was named for the time span when Queen Victoria ruled the British people: 1837-1901. The City of Galveston was incorporated in 1839, hit its zenith in the 1870s, and was devastated by the Great Storm in 1900. Its Golden Age was confined almost precisely to the reign of Queen Victoria!

There was a monumental recovery effort in the years after 1900, but when the Houston Ship Channel opened in 1914, the Port of Galveston would never again become the economic engine that had propelled Galveston to its glory, during the Victorian Age. After a long decline, that bottomed in the 1960s and 1970s, Galveston struggled to rise from the ashes, and with its large inventory of 19th-Century buildings, re-invent itself as a Victorian refuge from the madness of 20th-Century life.

The City of Galveston was laid out with 14 long, narrow lots to each block, so long, narrow multi-storied houses worked nicely to produce a densely-packed urban environment that created a small Victorian city rather than a small rural town. Most of the picturesque, colorful, and lavish Victorian architectural styles were perfect for this vibrant new city.

After the 1900 Storm, many of the houses were re-built using Victorian 
architectural styles, but as time wore on; the new, plainer, and more horizontal 20th-Century styles began to be used in newer neighborhoods, and also as infill in the older ones. Unfortunately, they usually did not fit well among the more stately Victorian designs.

Galveston builders and architects rarely designed a house or commercial building so that it strictly conformed to the rules and guidelines of any one, of the many Victorian architectural styles, choosing instead to combine the elements of several styles, or to build rather plain and simple designs, from a plan book, and then merely enhance their look with Victorian decoration. Unlike today where you would have to reference building codes, permits, even Fisher Investments Facebook to get financial backing, builders at that time had a lot more freedom to do what they wanted.

This has lead some writers to classify Galveston architecture primarily by type, defined by the floor plan and shape, or to combine many styles together. For example, Howard Barnstone (
The Galveston That Was), sees Greek Revival as the dominant style in 19th-Century Galveston, so he considers the later Victorian styles together as "Romantic".

This has also lead to the convention of classifying hundreds of houses, that have some underlying Greek Revival influence, but are otherwise difficult to classify by architectural style, as "Galveston Vernacular"; meaning a building style that became common in the local area. Perhaps a better classification for many of these houses, without a dominant Greek Revival look, is Folk Victorian; which is the name given to the style of simple square or rectangular houses which have been decorated with Victorian architectural add-ons that suggest the fancier styles of those times. 

As the years have passed, since the 19th Century, a great deal of the architectural decoration has been lost on the houses and commercial buildings in Galveston, due to decay, and damage from storms, so it is often difficult to tell what some of these houses used to look like in their full finery! 

In the end, Architecture is a fundamental expression of the individual and collective lifestyle of a culture. As the economy and technology dictate how people can afford to live, and as people modify the way they choose to live, the architectural styles change to reflect these adjustments. As the architecture is transformed, it, in turn, influences the culture.

The people who lived here during Galveston’s Golden Age, lived less comfortable, but more authentic lives than our modern society offers, which was reflected in the houses and buildings that they designed to live and work in. This architecture, that is their legacy, is the primary reason why "The Magical Island Kingdom" is more “Real”, i.e. more authentic, than many other places, in this country.

The designers and builders of these buildings had an instinctive understanding that well-chosen designs and solid hand-crafted construction would create functional spaces
that would enhance their  environment. These structures were built to nurture the identity, uplift the spirits, and create greater harmony in the lives of those who lived and worked in them.

The Victorian and early-20th-Century architecture of Galveston stands in stark contrast to the suburban sprawl of Post-WWII America, with its monotonous track homes and McMansions, its tiresome shopping centers and strip malls, and its slavish dependence on the car to make the lifestyle work. This  architecture is often foreign and incomprehensible to those who have only known eight-foot-high ceilings, sheet rock, and glue-and-sawdust walls.
Those who encounter the architecture of this bygone era either reject it for what they consider the more comfortable suburban lifestyle, with its tedious and repetitive building styles, or embrace the chance at the life that they can live in such a place, because they know that, in some mysterious way, these buildings will change them! 

Most of the pictures, of the houses and commercial buildings, shown below, were taken in Galveston, and are shown with their address noted.

Victorian Architectural Styles

Federal 1780-1850

Federal - Architectural Style

The Federal style was conceived by the Adams brothers in England. Their design added delicate details to the earlier and simpler Georgian style. Americans modified their work by using curved, circular, elliptical, and Palladian windows, recessed wall arches, and oval-shaped rooms. This new style was an expression of the identity of the new United States.

Like the Georgian style, the Federal style is g
enerally symmetrical, and boxy with simple symmetrical facades, and shutters. The major differences are that the Federal style is more decorative, and incorporates curves. It was the most popular style in the US from about 1780 to 1830.

Federal - Architectural Style

Federal houses usually have many of these features:
  • Center entrances on the front and rear
  • Semicircular or elliptical fanlights over the front doors
  • Narrow sidelights (windows) flanking the front doors
  • Decorative crown or roof over the front doors
  • Double hung, evenly spaced, multi-paned windows; arranged symmetrically around the center doorway
  • Shutters accenting the windows
  • Palladian, circular, or elliptical windows
  • End chimneys
  • Eaves were emphasized with decorative moldings, usually including tooth-like dentils, or brick corbeling
  • Low-pitched or even flat roofs with a balustrade
  • Decorative swags and garlands
  • Oval rooms and arches

Greek Revival (aka Classical Revival) 1818-1860

Greek Revival - Architectural Style
1605 33rd Street
The Michael Menard House

The nearly full replication of classical Greek and Roman buildings first began in the late 18th century, when Thomas Jefferson used the design of a French building as his model for the Virginia State Capitol. As the name implies, this style is associated with the Greek republic, and was a fitting
choice to represent the new American republic.

Greek Revival is most distinguishable by its large Doric, Ionic or Tuscan columns
The front elevation is typically enhanced with a white portico (porch), and the building may be constructed using white stucco, board siding, or red brick.

Greek Revival declined in popularity as the country became more urban, because it was better suited for public buildings, and houses on large country properties rather than homes in cities, with much smaller lots.
Greek Revival houses usually have many of these features:

  • Large columns
  • Symmetrical shape
  • Smooth exterior wall surfaces; can be white stucco, board siding or red brick
  • Entry porch (portico) supported by columns
  • Heavy cornices
  • Wide, plain friezes
  • Bold, simple moldings
Greek Revival - Architectural Style
1405 24th Street

Some Greek Revival houses also have these features:
  • Full-width pedimented gable
Greek Revival - Architectural Style - Pediment
  • Decorative pilasters
  • Narrow windows (sidelights) around the front doors

Gothic Revival 1820-1870

Gothic Revival - Architectural Style

The first Gothic Revival homes were mansions made of stone and brick which imitated the great Gothic Cathedrals of medieval Europe. Architect Alexander Jackson Davis published a book that inspired many people to build homes in this style, however, few  could afford to build massive stone houses in the Gothic Revival style.

For this reason, the original concept spawned a movement to build smaller, less expensive Gothic Revival houses out of wood.
Built to look like picturesque cottages, their most distinctive feature is the pointed arch form, but most also include
scrolled ornaments, lacy bargeboards, and other types of and "gingerbread".

Gothic Revival - Architectural Style

Wooden homes in the Gothic Revival style usually have many of these features:

  • Doors and windows with pointed Gothic arches
  • Tall, narrow windows
  • Bay and oriel windows
  • Steeply pitched roofs with cross gables
  • Vertical board siding and batten trim
  • Verandas (one-story porches)
  • Freely laid out, asymmetrical floor plans
  • Elaborately cut decorative bargeboard/vergeboard trim under the eaves
Stone and brick homes in the Gothic Revival style usually have many of these features:
  • Steeply pitched roofs
  • Pointed windows with decorative tracery
  • Grouped chimneys
  • Pinnacles
  • Battlements and shaped parapets
  • Leaded glass
  • Quatrefoil and clover shaped windows
  • Oriel windows
  • Asymmetrical floor plans
  • Verandas

Italianate 1840-1885

Italianate - Architectural Style

The Italianate style had its beginnings in England when builders started to design recreations of Italian Renaissance villas. When the style was adapted to America, it became the most popular building form in the country by the late 1860s, because of its advantages. Italianate homes could be built on a modest budget, by using many different materials. New mass production techniques made it possible to easily and affordably produce the cast-iron, and press-metal decorations needed.

The Italianate style is characterized by a symmetrical, severely blockish form, with a low pitched (even flat) roof, with widely overhanging, projecting eaves supported by large brackets, which makes the roof form recede, to give more prominence to the walls.
This style fits better than many on densely-packed city lots, so it became very popular for downtown commercial buildings.

Italianate - Architectural Style

Italianate houses usually have many of these features:
  • Low-pitched or flat roofs
  • Wide, overhanging eaves with brackets and large cornices
  • Visually balanced facades
  • Symmetrical rectangular or square shapes
  • Tall appearance; with 2, 3, or 4 stories
  • Square cupolas or towers
  • Porches topped with balustraded balconies
  • Tall, narrow, double-paned, double hung windows
  • Side bay windows
  • Heavily molded double doors
  • Roman or segmented arches above windows and doors
  • Decorative bracketed hoods or lintels over windows and doors

Second Empire 1860-1885

Second Empire - Architectural Style
1301 Broadway

This style was modeled after the the opulent architecture of Paris during the reign of Napoleon III, but it was also practical because the height allowed by the Mansard roof provided additional living space on small city lots. This roof
makes better use of the top floor, and fits better with the scale of lower buildings, when used on 3-4 story houses. Second Empire is basically an Italianate design topped with a double-pitched Mansard roofBoth Italianate, and Second Empire houses tend to be square in shape, and have U-shaped window crowns, decorative brackets, and single story porches.

Second Empire - Architectural Style
1101 23rd Street

Second Empire homes usually have many of these features:
  • Mansard roofs; often using multi-colored slate shingles
  • Brackets beneath the eaves, balconies, and bay windows
  • Dormer windows; projecting from the roof 
  • Pedimented and bracketed slender windows
  • Rounded cornices at top and base of the roof
  • Arched double doors
  • 2-4 stories
  • Projecting porches

Some Second Empire homes also have these features:
  • Cupolas
  • Wrought iron cresting above upper cornices
  • Classical pediments
  • Paired columns
  • Tall windows on the first story

Eastlake 1860-1880

Eastlake - Architectural Style
1417 24th Street

Any architectural style, during the Victorian Era, that was decorated with the fancy spindles, buttons and knobs designed by Charles Eastlake, could be said to have an Eastlake influence. This decorative style of ornamentation was primarily found on houses built in the Queen Anne and Stick styles.

Eastlake - Architectural Style

Eastlake - Architectural Style
3202 Avenue P 1/2

Stick 1860-1890

Stick - Architectural Style

Stick style houses do not use ornamentation, but rather use the patterns, and lines created by half-
timbering. Because the decorative details are flat, they are often covered over when homeowners later remodel. The Stick style was short lived because it couldn't compete with the fancier Queen Annes. Since few were built, and many of those have been lost, or covered over,
very few authentic Stick style homes remain intact.

Stick - Architectural Style

Stick style homes usually have many of these features:

  • Decorative half-timbering that interrupts the surface of the building
  • Decorative trusses, braces and brackets
  • Rectangular shapes
  • Wood siding/wall cladding
  • Steep, gabled roofs; usually with cross gables that show decorative trusses at the apex
  • Overhanging eaves with exposed rafter ends
  • Ornamental trusses (gable braces)
  • One-story porches with diagonal or curved braces

Folk Victorian 1870-1910

Folk Victorian - Architectural Style

Mass production and modern shipping methods meant that nearly every location in the country had access to decorative architectural add-on features. With all the gingerbread and spindles available, some Folk Victorian houses suggest Gothic Revival or Queen Anne, but they are simple square, or rectangular designs that have extras nailed on to them, rather than the more irregular shapes of these fancier styles.

Folk Victorian - Architectural Style

Folk Victorian houses usually have many of these features:

  • Square, symmetrical shapes
  • Brackets under the eaves
  • Porches with spindle work or flat, jigsaw cut trim
Some Folk Victorian homes also have these features:
  • Carpenter Gothic details
  • Low-pitched, pyramid shaped roofs
  • Front gables and side wings

Shingle 1874-1910

Shingle - Architectural Style
2402 Avenue P

This style attempted to break away from the more lavish Victorian styles with a more relaxed, rustic, and informal look. Covering most, or all, of a building with shingles, stained with a single color, created a uniform, undecorated surface. This style represented a simplicity of form. Shingle style homes can take on many forms, and borrow from the other styles of the day.

Shingle - Architectural Style

Shingle Style homes usually have many of these features:

  • Continuous wood shingles on the siding and roof
  • Irregular roof lines
  • Cross gables
  • Eaves on several levels
  • Porches
  • Asymmetrical, rambling floor plans
Some Shingle Style homes have these features:
  • Wavy wall surfaces
  • Patterned shingles
  • Squat half-towers
  • Palladian windows
  • Roughhewn stone on the lower stories
  • Stone arches over windows and porches
  • Some were not sided in shingles!

Richardsonian Romanesque 1880-1900

Richardsonian Romanesque - Architectural Style

Boston architect Henry Richardson developed this rugged, forceful style in the 1870s. It was called "Romanesque" because the buildings had wide, rounded arches like in ancient Rome. This style was best suited for grand public buildings, because building with massive stone walls is expensive, so only wealthy people ever used it for their homes. It is similar to Gothic in form and detail, but  Romanesque buildings use rounded, instead of pointed arches. A deeply recessed entrance using the arch form is a signature of the style.

Richardsonian Romanesque - Architectural Style

Romanesque houses usually have many of these features:

  • Rough-faced, square stones used for walls
  • Round towers with cone-shaped roofs
  • Columns and pilasters with spirals and leaf designs
  • Low, broad "Roman" arches over doorways
  • Patterned masonry arches over windows

Queen Anne 1880-1910

Queen Anne - Architectural Style
1322 25th Street

This was one of the most popular, and flamboyant Victorian styles! It became popular when the new mass production technologies allowed builders to use pre-cut architectural trim to create fanciful houses. Many Queen Annes employ liberal amounts of gingerbread, and/or Eastlake decorations, but some builders showed more restraint in their designs. It was common to use six or seven colors of paint to accent the the more lavish Queen Annes, and the colors were usually darker earth tones.

These are picturesque homes that thrived on decorative excess and busyness. They often mixed architectural styles with an "anything goes" attitude.
This design is known for its 
irregularity of layout, and great complexity. Surfaces freely project out, and recess in. There were often many types of steep roofs on the same house as well as a great variety of shapes and sizes of windowsoften with sections of leaded or colored glass. Bay windows are common.

Wall surfaces vary in the material used; some are masonry, but most employ wood shingles: clapboard, fish-scale or plain. Porches often feature decorative gables that tie into turrets. Chimneys are a prominent feature of the design, and they often use molded brick or corbeling.
Queen Anne - Architectural Style

Queen Anne houses usually have many of these features:
  • Complicated, asymmetrical shapes
  • Round or square towers or turrets
  • Steep roofs with a front-facing gable
  • Ornamental gingerbread, spindles and brackets
  • One-story porches that extend across one, or wrap around two sides of the house
  • Wall surfaces textured with decorative shingles, patterned masonry, or half-timbering
  • Bay windows

Colonial Revival 1876-1955

Colonial Revival - Architectural Style
2410 Avenue L

This style became popular when it was showcased at the 1876 US Centennial Exposition. It is very similar to the Georgian and Federal styles, with a symmetrical front elevation, that emphasizes the front entrance, with a portico (a covered porch supported by columns), and with fanlights, sidelights, and transom around a paneled front door. Windows tend to be multi-pane, and double hung, and are accented with shutters. Colonial Revival is a clear reaction to the lavish Victorian styles, and was very popular in the 1920s and 1930s.

Colonial Revival - Architectural Style

Colonial Revival houses usually have many of these features:
  • Rectangular shapes
  • 2 or 3 stories
  • Symmetrical fašades
  • Formal entrances: porticoes topped by a pediment
  • Paneled doors with sidelights, topped with transoms or fanlights
  • Brick or wood siding
  • Simple, classical detailing
  • Gable roofs
  • Pillars and columns
  • Multi-pane, double-hung windows with shutters
  • Dormers
  • Center entry-hall floor plan
  • Living areas on the first floor; bedrooms on the upper floors
  • Fireplaces

Mission 1890-1920

Mission - Architectural Style
1428 23rd Street

This style was drrived from the Spanish missions in California and other areas in the Southwest. Some even include bell towers, elaborate arches, and other deatils inspired by these early churches. The large shaded porches are ideal for hot climates. They are usually built with adobe or stucco covered brick.

Mission - Architectural Style

Mission houses usually have many of these features:
  • Adobe or stucco walls
  • Large square pillars
  • Large covered porches
  • Roof parapets
  • Red "Spanish" roof tiles
  • Round windows
  • Arches
  • Curved gables

Architectural Styles

Arts and Crafts (Craftsman) 1905-1930

Arts and Crafts - Architectural Style

In the late 19th Century, the Arts and Crafts movement developed, in England, as a response to mass produced goods that were on the verge of putting the remaining craftsman out of business. This movement supported handcrafted work, simple forms, and natural materials. These ideas took hold in America about 1890, but its use as an architectural style really started in the 20th Century.

On the West Coast, Charles and Henry Greene, began to design houses that combined Arts and Crafts concepts with the simple wooden architecture of Asian countries. In the Midwest, Frank Lloyd Wright used the ideas in his Prairie style, and on the East Coast, Gustav Stickley created a new furniture design with the Arts and Crafts influence.

Craftsman was a magazine published by Stickley between 1901 and 1916. The only true "Craftsman" houses are those whose Arts and Crafts style plans were published in this magazine. Eventually, other magazines and pattern books began to publish plans for similar Arts and Crafts designs, and the term "Craftsman" became a generic term for many Arts and Crafts designs.

Arts and Crafts designs are usually only 1 to 1 1/2 stories tall, with low-pitched roofs, featuring large overhangs, and exposed rafters, which started the horizontal design theme of many 20th-Century styles. Their porches usually employ heavy columns for their roof support.

Arts and Crafts - Architectural Style

Arts and Crafts, or Craftsman, houses usually have many of these features:
  • Low-pitched roofs
  • Wide eaves 
  • Exposed roof rafters
  • Porches with thick square or round columns
  • Stone porch supports
  • Exterior chimneys made with stone
  • Open floor plans; few hallways and partitions
  • Numerous windows
  • Some windows using stained or leaded glass
  • Beamed ceilings
  • Dark wood wainscoting and moldings
  • Built-in cabinets, shelves, and seating
  • Wood, stone, or stucco siding

Many architectural styles draw on the Arts and Crafts style for a portion of their design features including:
Prairie, American Foursquare, Bungalow, Mission, Western Stick and Pueblo.

Prairie 1900-1920

Prairie - Architectural Style

Frank Lloyd Wright did not like Victorian designs, because he thought they were too vertical and boxy, and their interiors, defined by separate rooms, were too confining; so he began to design low, horizontal houses with rooms that gave up their walls, and partitions to become common areas. From there, inside space flowed seamlessly into outdoor areas. He said that this style blended well with the flat, open prairie landscape.
The name "Prairie style" came from his article in a 1901 issue of the Ladies Home Journal called, "A Home in a Prairie Town".

The Prairie style uses a low-pitched roof, with widely overhanging eaves, to create a horizontal look. Houses built in this style are often two stories high, but with wings or porches that drop down to one story to make them look low to the ground. Windows are set in horizontal rows to add to the horizontal look. Chimneys are low, and often in the center of the house, to deemphasize vertical elements, and entrances are recessed.

Early houses were made of stucco or red brick, or used horizonta
l board and batten siding. Later designs employed concrete block. The open and spacious floor plans used many shapes including: Square, Y, L, T, and even pinwheel.

Prairie - Architectural Style
2723 51st Street

Prairie style houses usually have many of these features:
  • Low-pitched roofs
  • Wide overhanging eaves
  • Rows of small windows
  • One-story wings
  • Central chimneys
  • Open floor plans
  • Furniture designed for the home

American Foursquare 1900-1930

American Foursquare - Architectural Style

This architectural style is characterized by a square, boxy shape 2 1/2 stories in height. There were two full stories plus a dormer to make use of some of the attic space. It usually featured a hip roof, and a full width porch with square porch columns. Most had an open stair way and four rooms on each floor. Many of the homes built in this style were sold as kits made by Sears or Aladdin.

In Galveston, many houses built in this style did not include a dormer, because use of attic space was not practical, in this climate, before air conditioning.

American Foursquare - Architectural Style

American Foursquare houses usually have many of these features:
  • Simple box shapes
  • Two-and-a-half stories 
  • Four-room floor plans
  • Low-hipped roofs with wide overhangs
  • Large central dormers
  • Full-width porches with wide stairs
  • Brick, stone, stucco, concrete block, or wood siding

American Foursquare - Architectural Style

Bungalow 1915-1940

Bungalow - Architectural Style
2327 24th Street

The term Bungalow came from the word "bangala" in India. The British adopted this architectural style, because its broad overhangs and large porches made it well suited for a hot climate. The British arranged their rooms around a central living room, without hallways, which became the prototype for the American Bungalow, which is basically just a cottage designed in the Arts and Crafts style.

Some designs feature a side gable that slopes towards the front, and continues until it covers a large, full-width front porch supported by heavy columns. Other variations have a front gable over the house, and a smaller front gable over the porch.

Bungalows often feature dormer windows in the center of the roof that gives the appearance of a small, low cottage. The windows are often grouped together for greater ventilation.

Bungalow - Architectural Stylej
Bungalows usually have many of these features:
  • Low-pitched roofs
  • Wide eaves with exposed roof rafters
  • One or 1 1/2 stories
  • Porches with heavy, square columns
  • Built-in cabinets, shelves, and seating

Some bungalows also have:
  • Stone chimneys
  • Gabled dormers

Art Deco 1925-1940

Art Deco - Architectural Style

The name "Art Deco" comes from the 1925 Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs Industriels et Modernes, held in Paris. This movement began much earlier than the time of this Paris exposition, but this was the first time it gained public attention. Although it began in Europe, America quickly took over control of the movement.

Art Deco was essentially a style of design, and decoration, and was applied to furniture, jewelry, and clothing, in addition to buildings. Ironically, it was inspired by both the 1922 discovery of King Tut's tomb, and the fascination it generated with ancient cultures, and their designs and symbols; as well as the attempt to capture the sleek look of the machine age!

Art Deco ornamentation consists largely of geometrical designs, often expressed with zigzags, parallel straight lines, floral patterns, and chevrons. Vivid color, strong lines, bold geometric blocks, and undulating, repeating patterns are a trademark of this design. Many designers used these design elements to decorate cars, trains, appliances, and other products of the industrial age.

In architectural design, many taller buildings began to use the "setback", where upper stories were pulled back from the lower stories, which also mimics the Egyptian pyramid. This terraced pyramid is known as a Ziggurat.

Art Deco - Architectural Style

Art Deco buildings usually have many of these features:
  • Vertical emphasis
  • Flat roofs
  • Geometrical designs and symbols
  • Vivid colors
  • Strong lines
  • Repeating patterns
  • Ziggurats (setbacks)
Art Deco - Architectural Style

Art Moderne 1930-1945

Art Moderne - Architectural Style
1705 35th Street
Windsor Court Apartments

Like Art Deco, Art Moderne is principally a decorative style that was used in many venues besides architecture. Its major influence was the beginning of streamlined industrial design for cars, ships, and airplanes, which gives it its distinctive streamlined look. This effect is emphasized by the use of curved window glass that wraps around cornersThe smooth surfaces, curved corners, and horizontal emphasis of the Art Moderne style all give the feeling that air streams could move smoothly over and around them.

This style was used more for residential buildings, while Art Deco was principally a commercial building style.

Art Moderne - Architectural Style
1227 Avenue L
Graugnard's Bakery Building

Art Moderne buildings usually have many of these features:
  • Horizontal orientation
  • Asymmetrical layouts
  • Open floor plans
  • Sleek streamlined appearance
  • Rounded edges and corners
  • Corner windows
  • Glass block windows and/or walls
  • Flat roofs
  • Curved canopys
  • Smooth wall finishes
  • Aluminum and stainless steel finishes

Ranch 1932-Present

Ranch - Architectural Style
1026 21st Street

The first Ranch style house was built in San Diego in 1932. Designed by Cliff May, he borrowed from the Prairie style, the Bungalow, and Cottage designs to develop what became the dominant style of the 1950s and 1960s in the growth of Suburbia. The relaxed, informal Ranch style is traditionally one-story, but there are complex variations that include multiple levels; often called split-levels.

Since this style is so simple, and common in nearly every locality, it is
synonymous with the concept of tract housing.

Ranch - Architectural Style
2004 24th Street

Ranch style houses usually have many of these features:
  • One story
  • Horizontal, asymmetrical rambling layouts
  • Simple open floor plans: Rectangular, L or U-shaped
  • Long, narrow, and low to the ground
  • Low pitched roofs
  • Large windows: double-hung, sliding, and picture
  • Sliding glass doors open out to patios
  • Attached garages
  • Natural materials
  • Little decoration

Links to sites
about Architectural Styles:
Art Deco
Boston College
Eastern Michigan
Rock Island
St. Louis
Vintage Designs

Links to sites
about Architectural Elements:


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A History of Ashton Villa: A Family and Its House in Victorian Galveston, Texas
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Clayton's Galveston: The Architecture of Nicholas J. Clayton and His Contemporaries
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Galveston Architectural Guidebook

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Daughter of Fortune : The Bettie Brown Story
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Galveston: A History

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Isaac's Storm

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The Galveston That Was

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Galveston Architectural Guidebook

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Bill Cherry's Galveston Memories

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Historic Galveston
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Mythic Galveston: Reinventing America's Third Coast
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Galveston: A History of the Island
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They Ain't Wanted Here
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Battle on the Bay: The Civil War Struggle for Galveston
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Cottonclads!: The Battle of Galveston and the Defense of the Texas Coast
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Tracks to the Sea: Galveston and Western Railroad Development, 1866-1900
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Women, Culture, and Community : Religion and Reform in Galveston, 1880-1920
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Galveston: Island of Chance
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Torpedoes in the Gulf: Galveston and the U-Boats 1942-1943
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Island Of Color: Where Juneteenth Started
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Saving Lives, Training Caregivers, Making Discoveries: A Centennial History of the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston
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Aggies By The Sea: Texas A & M University At Galveston
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Galveston and the Great West
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Military Presence in Galveston County
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Story of the 1900 Galveston Hurricane
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Story of the Galveston Flood: Complete, Graphic, Authentic
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Galveston's Summer of the Storm (Chaparral Book for Young Readers)."
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Through a Night of Horrors: Voices from the 1900 Galveston Storm
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Galveston and the 1900 Storm
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The Great Galveston Disaster: Containing a Full and Thrilling Account of the Most Appalling Calamity of Modern Times
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Terror from the Gulf: A Hurricane in Galveston
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Tragedy from the Sea: The Galveston Hurricane of 1900
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Hurricane!: The 1900 Galveston Night Of Terror (X-Treme Disasters That Changed America.)
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Clayton's Galveston: The Architecture of Nicholas J. Clayton and His Contemporaries
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A History of Ashton Villa: A Family and Its House in Victorian Galveston, Texas
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Daughter of Fortune : The Bettie Brown Story
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